A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE TRINITY
A CRITICAL EXAMINATION OF THE TRINITY
If we cannot find any evidence supporting the Trinity, is there any evidence in the Holy Bible supporting the contrary, which is Monotheism?
One who studies the Holy Bible will find that the Trinity is a strange concept, and that the Holy Bible is full of obvious facts declaring monotheism in Christianity. There are many passages in the Holy Bible, which clearly declare that Monotheism was the belief of Jesus (PBUH), his disciples, and all the prophets (PBUT) before him.
First: Monotheistic Passages in the Old Testament
Monotheism is obvious in the Old Testament. Prophets (PBUT) spoke of it and remind us many times about it, and the passages strongly reassure this belief. Some of these passages are the following:
What we find in the Book of Deuteronomy about Moses’ (PBUH) commandments, which Allah (S.W) wrote on two stones and ordered the Children of Israel to keep, and Jesus (PBUH) after him confirmed them. “Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. And these words that I command you today shall be on your heart. You shall teach them diligently to your children, and shall talk of them when you sit in your house, and when you walk by the way, and when you lie down, and when you rise. You shall bind them as a sign on your hand, and they shall be as frontlets between your eyes. You shall write them on the doorposts of your house and on your gates.” (Deut. 6:4-9)
“I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me.” (Deut. 5:6-7)
Allah’s (S.W) commandment to Moses (PBUH) and to the Children of Israel, “I am the LORD your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of slavery. You shall have no other gods before me. You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth.” (Ex. 20:2-4)
In the First Book of Kings “that all the peoples of the earth may know that the LORD is God; there is no other.” (Kings(1) 8:60)
In Psalms “All the nations you have made shall come and worship before you, O Lord, and shall glorify your name For you are great and do wondrous things; you alone are God.” (Psalms 86:9-10). That means He is the One and Only God, and no one – including Jesus (PBUH) – shares that with Him.
In the Book of Isaiah, we read, “Before me no god was formed, nor shall there be any after me. I, I am the LORD, and besides me there is no savior. I declared and saved.” (Isaiah 43:10 -12)
“So now, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that you alone are the LORD.” (Isaiah 37:20)
“I am the LORD, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself.” (Isaiah 44:24) this is totally contrary to the concept of the Trinity.
“I am the LORD, and there is no other, besides me there is no God” (Isaiah 45:5)
In Isaiah’s prophecy, we read, “Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: “I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no god. Who is like me? Let him proclaim it. Let him declare and set it before me…. Is there a God besides me? There is no Rock; I know not any.” (Isaiah 44:6 – 8)
There are many other passages in the Old Testament. (Malachi 2:10, Kings 1 8:27, …)
Second: Monotheistic Passages in the New Testament
The books of the New Testament clearly declare that Allah (S.W) is the One and Only God, Lord and Creator. The Gospels’ writers indicate that Jesus (PBUH) and his disciples were the people who uttered these words.
- Jesus’ saying, “And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. Neither be called instructors, for you have one instructor, the Christ.” (Matt 22: 9 – 10)
“A man came up to him, saying, “Teacher, what good deed must I do to have eternal life? And he said to him, “Why do you ask me about what is good? There is only one who is good.” (Matt 19:16-17)
In the Book of John, “When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, “Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son that the Son may glorify you. Since you have given him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. And this is eternal life, that they know you the only true God, and Jesus Christ whom you have sent. (John 17:1 – 3) . Therefore, there is no true God except One, and he is Allah (S.W).
When trying to tempt Jesus (PBUH), the devil said, “All these I will give you, if you will fall down and worship me.” Then Jesus said to him, “Be gone, Satan! For it is written, “‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.” (Matt. 4:10) the same is in Luke. (Luke 4:8)
Jesus (PBUH) told the Jews, “You are doing what your father did.” They said to him, “We were not born of sexual immorality. We have one Father–even God.” Jesus said to them, “If God were your Father, you would love me, for I came from God and I am here. I came not of my own accord, but he sent me.” (John 8:41- 42)
These passages and many others speak about One God, and there is nothing in them that speak about three beings uniting in one person as the Christians claim.
The Trinity is a Mystery Unacceptable by the Mind
With this clear contradiction between the Church Councils’ decisions and the Bible’s monotheistic passages, Christians had to use their minds to solve this matter. They had to solve these contradictions, which are impossible to put together, and explain to people the issue about the three who are one, and about the one who is three.
In addition, with the weakness of this dogma, and the impossibility of understanding it by the human mind, Christians have no choice but to say that the Trinity is a mystery that is impossible to comprehend. Moreover, some Christians confess that Christianity conflicts with the mind.
Saint Augustine said, “I believe because that is unacceptable by our mind”.
Kier Cougard said, “Each attempt to make Christianity a credible religion would result in destroying it.” In ‘The Christian Teachings’ we read, “It is not allowed to ask about God’s secrets, because we cannot comprehend the belief’s secrets.”
In his book, ‘The Catholic Teachings’, priest De Grout said, “The Holy Trinity is a puzzle in the truest sense, and our mind cannot digest a Tri-God, but this what the inspiration taught us.”
Describing the Trinity, Zaki Shnouda said, “It is one of the divine mysteries, which is impossible for our mind to comprehend.”
Father James Ted said, “Christianity is beyond the mind’s understanding”
Priest Anis Shoroush said, “One in three and three in one, are mysteries you do not have to understand, but you have to accept.”
In his book ‘Eternity Secret”, priest Tawfiq Jayed made understanding the Trinity impossible, and there is no point in trying to do so, because, as he said, “whoever tries to understand it completely, is like he who wants to put the ocean’s water in his palm.”
Due to all of this misleading, the truth will disappear, which is that the Trinity is an impossible creed to understand; not because of the weakness of our mind, but because it conflicts with common sense and human nature.